II. Subfam. Viticoideae Briq. in Engler & Prantl (1895).
DescriptionTrees, or shrubs, sometimes climbing or scrambling; stems sometimes armed with spines; leaves simple; inflorescence terminal, cymose, compound, branched, or seldom reduced to single flower, blue or purple-violet, white, yellow, brownish, mauve or purple pink; calyx tubular or campanulate, truncate or 4-5-lobed, often with large glands on surface; corolla infundibular, (4-)5 lobed, ± 2-lipped, tube widely funnel-shaped, greatly enlarged at throat; stamens 4, inserted at bottom of tube, didynamous, only slightly exserted, thecae parallel or divergent; ovary bicarpellate, syncarpous, 4-loculate, with one ovule in each locule; style terminal with two unequal stigmatic lobes, posterior branch much shorter; fruit a fleshy, succulent drupe with hard pyrene, 4-seeded (rarely 2-seeded). 2n = 36, 38, 40. About 33 species, Asia, Australia, New Guinea and New Caledonia.
36 China40 Indian Subcontinent41 Indo-China42 Malesia43 Papuasia50 Australia60 Southwestern Pacific62 Northwestern Pacific
22 West Tropical Africa25 East Tropical Africa26 South Tropical Africa29 Western Indian Ocean38 Eastern Asia79 Mexico81 Caribbean83 Western South America84 Brazil
Cumbulu Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 199 (1763).
Gmelinia Spreng., Gen. Pl. 2: 481 (1831), orth. var.
PublicationGmelina L. Sp. Pl. 2: 626 (1753); Munir, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 7(1): 91-116 (1984), reg. rev.
Species found in RBG Kew living collections
1974-2999 Gmelina hystrix Schult.ex Kurz F PH 4 1974-7237 Gmelina hystrix Schult.ex Kurz F TC 1 06
© Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew