III. Subfam. Ajugoideae Kostel. (1834).

Subfam. Teucrioideae (Dumort.) Caruel (1884).


Lianas and scandent shrubs; leaves opposite, petiolate, broadly ovate to obovate or subrotund, entire; inflorescence a lax, terminal, corymboid thyrse; calyx actinomorphic, accrescent, shallowly 5-lobed, nearly truncate in fruit; corolla white to pale yellowish, actinomorphic to weakly zygomorphic, limb 5-lobed, spreading, lobes similar or anterior lobe slightly larger, corolla in bud usually slightly asymmetrical; stamens 4, didynamous to subequal, long-exserted, filaments straight, anther-thecae parallel, separate at dehiscence; pollen with supratectal spinules; ovary unlobed; stigma-lobes equal; disc absent; nutlets clavate, smooth, pubescent, basally winged, attachment scar lateral, as long as nutlet; endosperm absent.  Nine to 13 species of forests and thickets in SE Asia, Papua New Guinea and Australia (Queensland).


Native to:

40 Indian Subcontinent
41 Indo-China
42 Malesia
43 Papuasia
50 Australia


Glossocarya Wall. ex Griff., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 3: 366 (1843); Munir, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 13: 17-34 (1990).

Image resource

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew