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Photos: Harley, R.

Photos: Harley, R.

Subfamily

VII. Subfam. Nepetoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882).

VII. 3. Tribe Ocimeae Dumort. (1829).

VII. 3. C. Subtribe Hyptidinae Endlicher (1838).

Description

Trees, shrubs, subshrubs or herbs, often geoxylic, usually aromatic; stems hairy, or in some species virgate, with setose hairs below and upper internodes glabrous, pruinose, fistulose, swollen; leaves simple; inflorescence thyrsoid, racemoid, with cymes 1-flowered, pedunculate; bracts inconspicuous, usually caducous; flowers sessile, but with bracteoles at base of calyx and appearing pedicellate; bracteoles minute, persisent, paired; calyx turbinate to campanulate, rarely tubular, weakly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (3/2), lobes subequal with posterior usually longer and connate, often obsolete in fruit, or rarely with posterior lobe larger and hygroscopic in fruit, throat sometimes closed by dense white hairs; corolla strongly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), violet or pink, anterior lip with median lobe with apex acuminate, margin fimbriate or toothed, lateral lobes directed forwards, corolla-tube widening above, usually constricted near base, dorsally gibbous; stamens filaments hairy; style with stylopodium overtopping ovary; rarely absent; disc weakly 4-lobed, anterior lobe larger; nutlets slightly flattened to ovoid, rarely narrowly winged or triquetrous, usually mucilaginous.  2n = 20 (?40).  Circa 40 species, mostly in savannas and mountains of C and E Brazil, but extending into neighbouring countries.

Distribution

Native to:

82 Northern South America
83 Western South America
84 Brazil
85 Southern South America

Synonyms

Eriopidion Harley, Hooker's Icon. Pl. 38: 103 (1976).

Publication

Eriope Bonpl. ex Benth., Labiatarum Genera et Species: 142 (1833); Benth. in DC., Prodr. 12:140 (1848); Epling, Feddes Repert. Beih. 85: 188-195 (1936); Harley, Hook. Ic. Pl. 38, 3: 1-107 (1976), rev.

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Species found in RBG Kew living collections

1994-3582 Eriope confusa Harley N HRLE  F JOD SEED 
1971-3802 Eriope hypenioides Mart.ex Benth. N HRLE  F JOD T3 FLOOR  :  TH 13 
1996-2716 Eriope macrostachya Mart.ex Benth. var. grandiflora (Epling) Harley N HRLE 19946 F TH 14 
1977-1362 Eriope macrostachya Mart.ex Benth. var. grandiflora (Epling) Harley N HRLE 19946 F JOD T3 
1974-762 Eriope macrostachya Mart.ex Benth. var. grandiflora (Epling) Harley N HRLE 15868 F JOD T3 BENCH3
1974-7119 Eriope obovata x hypenioides  ERSK  F JOD T3 
1987-1999 Eriope salviifolia (Pohl ex Benth.) Harley N HRLE 19486 F JOD T3 FLOOR

Image resource

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew