VII. Subfam. Nepetoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882).
VII. 3. Tribe Ocimeae Dumort. (1829).
VII. 3. D. Subtribe Ociminae (Dumort.) Schmidt in Martius (1858).
Subtribe Moschominae Endlicher (1838).
Shrubs or herbs, sometimes geoxylic, aromatic; leaves simple; inflorescence thyrsoid with cymes sessile, 1-7-flowered; bracts persistent, smaller than leaves, often inconspicuous, not coloured; calyx tubular, tubular-campanulate or spherical, straight, actinomorphic with deltoid to lanceolate lobes in one species, otherwise strongly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (1/4), lobes unequal, posterior rounded (rarely much expanded, membranous and developing coiled side-lobes), decurrent, curving upwards; lateral teeth lanceolate or deltoid, sometimes linear with a truncate or rounded apex, anterior lobes lanceolate to linear, teeth sometimes closing throat, throat sometimes densely hairy, rarely fruiting calyx deciduous as a dispersal unit; corolla 2-lipped or very weakly so, 4-5-lobed, white, pink or blue, posterior lip forward pointing or spreading, 3-lobed with median lobe emarginate, rarely equally 4-lobed, anterior lip horizontal or more rarely spreading, tube straight or slightly curved, dilating slightly towards throat; stamens 4, included or shortly exserted, porrect; posterior and anterior pairs regularly spaced and attached near corolla throat, short, pilose or glabrous; style forming a small shield above nutlets, capitate-clavate at apex; stigma lobes rounded, equal or with the posterior lobe longer, parallel; disc equally 4-lobed; nutlets obovoid to oblong-cylindrical, sometimes truncate and pubescent at apex, strongly or weakly mucilaginous. 2n = 36. Nineteen species in tropical and Southern Africa, one in India and Madagascar. Woodland or grassland.
Native to:22 West Tropical Africa23 West-Central Tropical Africa24 Northeast Tropical Africa25 East Tropical Africa26 South Tropical Africa27 Southern Africa29 Western Indian Ocean35 Arabian Peninsula40 Indian Subcontinent
Pseudocimum Bremek., Ann. Transvaal Mus. 15: 251 (1933).
Puntia Hedge, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 115 (1983).
Endostemon N.E. Br. in Thistleton-Dyer, Fl. Cap. 5,1: 295 (1910); Ashby, in J. Bot. 74: 121-132 (1936), rev.; Paton, Harley, Harley, & Weeks, Kew Bull. 49: 673-716 (1994), rev.
Orthosiphon sect. Diffusi Briq. (1897).
© Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew