IV. Subfam. Prostantheroideae Luerssen (1882).

Subfam. Chloranthoideae Briq. (1895).

Subfam. Chloranthoideae Briq. (1895).

Dicrastylidaceae Drummond ex Harvey (1855), nom. inval.

Verbenaceae tribe Viticeae subtribe Chloanthinae Benth. (1870).

Verbenaceae tribe Chloantheae Benth. (1895).

Stilbaceae subfam. Chloanthoideae Briq.: sensu Moldenke (1959).


IV. 1. Tribe Chlorantheae Benth. & Hook. f. (1876).


Shrubs or subshrubs; branches ± round in cross-section; indumentum densely lanate with hairs branched; leaves sessile or petiolate, decussate or whorled, sometimes almost alternate; inflorescence terminal, cymose, with part-inflorescences pedunculate or sessile, pyramidal or spike-like panicles, or the cymes sessile, congested to form decussate or whorled clusters, usually many-flowered; bracteoles 2; flowers ± actinomorphic, sessile or pedicellate; calyx 5-lobed; corolla white, pale mauve, purplish blue, mostly 5-lobed in distal half, with lobes equal, tube expanded in throat; stamens mostly 5, inserted in corolla-tube, exserted or scarcely so; anthers dorsifixed, free and divergent in lower half ; ovary ± unlobed; style with stigma-lobes well-developed; fruit dry, globose, indehiscent, 1- or 2-seeded.  About 26 species, all endemic to Australia.


Native to:

50 Australia


Mallophora Endl., Stirp. Herb. Hügel.: 18 (1838).

Lachnocephalus Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 22(2): 36 (1849).


Dicrastylis J.Drumm. ex Harv., Hook. J. Bot. Kew Misc. 7: 56 (1855); Munir, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 1: 407-689 (1991); J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 14: 85-92(1991).


Image resource

© Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew