VII. Subfam. Nepetoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882).

VII. 2. Tribe Mentheae Dumort. (1827).

VII. 2. B. Subtribe Menthinae (Dumort.) Endl. (1838).


Shrubs, subshrubs, and rhizomatous perennial herbs, strongly aromatic, with simple hairs; leaves sessile to short-petiolate, simple, toothed (usually finely) or entire; inflorescence of terminal and axillary cymes (occasionally reduced to solitary flowers), a terminal paniculiform or spiciform thyrse, or involucrate terminal and subterminal glomerules; calyx actinomorphic or zygomorphic, occasionally 2-lipped (3/2), not accrescent, cylindrical to tubular-campanulate, usually 10-13-nerved, 5-lobed, lobes deltoid to subulate, throat usually densely hairy; corolla lavender to white, weakly zygomorphic to 2-lipped (2/3), posterior lip usually emarginate, anterior 3 lobes occasionally forming a lip but more often fully separate above tube, tube straight to slightly downcurved; stamens 2 fertile (posterior pair reduced to staminodes or absent), exserted, filaments glabrous, thecae parallel to divaricate, separate at dehiscence; stigma-lobes equal to subequal; disc symmetrical; nutlets ellipsoid-trigonal, smooth, glabrous. 2n = 28.  About 15 species with a disjunct distribution, occurring from eastern North America to Panama and in southern South America (SE Brazil, NE Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay).


Native to:

74 North-Central U.S.A.
75 Northeastern U.S.A.
77 South-Central U.S.A.
78 Southeastern U.S.A.
79 Mexico
80 Central America
84 Brazil
85 Southern South America


Mappia Heist. ex Fabr., Enum.: 58 (1759), nom. illeg.

Hedyosmos Mitch., Diss. Bot. Zool.: 33 (1769).


Cunila D. Royen ex L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 2: 1359 (1759), nom. cons.; Epling, Rep. Spec. Nov. Beih. 85: 138-142 (1936), rev.


Image resource

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew