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Subfamily

VII. Subfam. Nepetoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882).

VII. 2. Tribe Mentheae Dumort. (1827).

VII. 2. B. Subtribe Menthinae (Dumort.) Endl. (1838).

Description

Small tree or shrub, aromatic, gynodioecious or gynomonoecious; leaves petiolate, sharply and irregularly serrate; inflorescence of compound, dichasial, pedunculate cymes in axils of, and shorter than, large, leaf-like bracts; bracts large, leaf-like; bracteoles inconspicuous; calyx tubular-campanulate, rather fleshy, actinomorphic, 5-lobed, lobes triangular-lanceolate, ciliate, often slightly spreading, calyx-tube obscurely 12-14-nerved, exannulate, becoming distended at base to accommodate nutlets, throat glabrous; corolla white to lavender or dark purple, actinomorphic, 5-lobed, lobes rounded, posterior pair erect, tube hairy outside, longer than calyx, annulate within; stamens 4, subequal, included in corolla-tube, filaments short, thecae divergent, distinct; stigma-lobes slightly unequal, posterior shorter; disc symmetrical, fleshy; nutlets ovoid-trigonous, fleshy with thickened angles, rather large. 2n = 46, 44.  One species, C. eriantha (Benth.) Benth., in lower montane forest, 200-450 m, Chile: Masatierra I., Robinson Crusoe (Juan Fernandez) Archipelago.

Distribution

Native to:

85 Southern South America

Synonyms

Johowia Epling & Looser, Revista Univ. (Santiago) 22(2): 168 (1937), nom. illeg.

Skottsbergiella Epling, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 85: 1 (1935), (1937), nom. illeg., non Petrak (1927).

Publication

Cuminia Colla, Mem. Acad. Sci. Torino 38, 6: 139 (1835); Harley, Kew Magazine 3,4: 151-156 (1986), rev.

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Image resource

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew