VI. Subfam. Lamioideae Harley (2003)

Subfam. Stachyoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882); Briq. in Engl. & Prantl (1895) et auct. mult., p.p., typ. incl.

Subfam. Prasioideae (Benth.) Thomé (1889)

Subfam. Pogostemonoideae P.D. Cantino, Harley & Wagstaff in Harley & Reynolds (1992).


Perennial subshrub or herb, with simple hairs; leaves ovate-cordate, toothed, petiolate; inflorescence thyrsoid with many-flowered, prominently pedunculate cymes; flowers small (3- 5 mm long); calyx 5-lobed, lobes subequal, tube becoming urceolate-globose in fruit; corolla weakly 2-lipped, 4-lobed (1/3), reddish, posterior lip short, entire, shallowly hooded; stamens not exserted from corolla, thecae weakly distinct; stigma-lobes short and subequal; nutlets c. 0.7 x 0.5 mm, rounded at apex, smooth, glossy.  2n = 20, 34.  One sp., C. furcata (Link) Kuntze, in mountain forests and thickets, from N Pakistan and N India to S China and Vietnam.


Native to:

36 China
40 Indian Subcontinent


Craniotome Rchb., Icon. Bot. Exot. 1: 39 (1825).

Image resource

© Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew