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Photos: Bramley, G.

Subfamily

VI. Subfam. Lamioideae Harley (2003)

Subfam. Stachyoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882); Briq. in Engl. & Prantl (1895) et auct. mult., p.p., typ. incl.

Subfam. Prasioideae (Benth.) Thomé (1889)

Subfam. Pogostemonoideae P.D. Cantino, Harley & Wagstaff in Harley & Reynolds (1992).

Description

Shrubs or woody herbs, with simple and/or branched hairs; leaves toothed, petiolate; inflorescence thyrsoid, lax to dense and capitate, cymes 1-5-flowered; calyx 5-lobed, lobes equal or subequal; corolla strongly 2-lipped, 4-lobed (1/3), yellow to red or purple; posterior lip moderately long, hooded with upcurved margins, entire or emarginate, anterior lip subequally 3-lobed, corolla-tube strongly dilated in distal part; stamens not exserted from corolla, thecae ± confluent; stigma-lobes unequal or subequal; nutlets narrowly obovoid-oblong, winged at apex, glandular or glabrous. 2n = 34.  About six spp., mostly in thickets and on hill slopes, from Tibet, Nepal and N India to S China and Vietnam.

Distribution

Native to:

36 China
40 Indian Subcontinent
41 Indo-China

Publication

Colquhounia Wall., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 13: 608 (1822); Prain, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal. Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 62: 61-69 (1893).

Species found in RBG Kew living collections

1968-1116 Colquhounia coccinea Wall.  TRES  F 155 02   :  155 06 
1988-1473 Colquhounia coccinea Wall. N BRLL 12425  860 05 
2002-2683 Colquhounia coccinea Wall.    F TH 28 BAY 34
1959-67001 Colquhounia coccinea Wall.  COOK  F TH 28 BAY 32 :  TRO_N 1 
1969-34024 Colquhounia coccinea Wall.    F 779    :  WAK_N 8 W
1979-4770 Colquhounia coccinea Wall. N SCHL 2416  751 P 
1980-6217 Colquhounia coccinea Wall. N SCHL 2458  751  
1981-5189 Colquhounia coccinea Wall. N GWTH  F TH 28 BAY 33 :  TRO_N 1 
2002-1902 Colquhounia coccinea Wall.    F 732 05 
1975-4665 Colquhounia coccinea Wall. 'Jumbesi' N SCHL 2098 F 779  
1961-4711 Colquhounia coccinea Wall. var. mollis Prain  HLLR  F TH 28 BAY 28 :  TH 29 BAY 43 :  TRO_N 1 
1969-19563 Colquhounia coccinea Wall. var. vestita (Wall.) Prain    F TH 29 BAY 41 :  TRO_N 1
 

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© Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew