IV. Subfam. Prostantheroideae Luerssen (1882).

Subfam. Chloranthoideae Briq. (1895).

Subfam. Chloranthoideae Briq. (1895).

Dicrastylidaceae Drummond ex Harvey (1855), nom. inval.

Verbenaceae tribe Viticeae subtribe Chloanthinae Benth. (1870).

Verbenaceae tribe Chloantheae Benth. (1895).

Stilbaceae subfam. Chloanthoideae Briq.: sensu Moldenke (1959).


IV. 1. Tribe Chlorantheae Benth. & Hook. f. (1876).


Shrubs or subshrubs; stems round in cross-section; indumentum lanate with hairs branched; leaves sessile, decurrent, decussate or ternate, bullate-rugose; inflorescence cymose, with flowers on leafy branches (hence appearing axillary) and part-inflorescences usually 1-flowered; bracteoles 2; flowers zygomorphic; calyx 5-lobed; corolla pale mauve, greenish blue or greenish yellow, distinctly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), or occasionally unequally 5-lobed in distal half; anterior lip with median lobe rarely larger than others; corolla-tube expanded in throat; stamens 4, inserted below middle of corolla tube, just exserted, anthers with shortly divergent basal lobes; ovary unlobed; style with stigma-lobes present; fruit drupaceous, usually separating into two 2-locular mericarps.  Four species, all endemic to Australia.


Native to:

50 Australia


Cloanthe Nees in R.Brown, Verm. Bot. Schr. 1: 78 (1825).

Hemistemon F.Muell., Fragm. 10: 73 (1876).


Chloanthes R.Br., Prodr. 1: 513 (1810); Munir, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 1: 83-105 (1977); Conn, Fl. New South Wales 3: 619 (1992).


Image resource

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew