VI. Subfam. Lamioideae Harley (2003)

Subfam. Stachyoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882); Briq. in Engl. & Prantl (1895) et auct. mult., p.p., typ. incl.

Subfam. Prasioideae (Benth.) Thomé (1889)

Subfam. Pogostemonoideae P.D. Cantino, Harley & Wagstaff in Harley & Reynolds (1992).


Shrubs or perennial herbs, with simple hairs; leaves toothed; inflorescence lax, thyrsoid with lax cymes, pedunculate, up to 5-flowered; flowers large (15-40 mm long); calyx (4-)5-lobed, lobes equal or subequal (2/3), or unequal (3/1, 3/2), tube often becoming slightly inflated in fruit; corolla weakly 2-lipped, 4-lobed (1/3), purple, white or yellow, posterior lip short, scarcely hooded, entire or emarginate, corolla-tube strongly dilated in distal part, not annulate; stamens about as long as corolla-tube, anthers bearded on distal sides of thecae, thecae distinct; stigma-lobes subequal or unequal; nutlets flat, 6-12 x 2.5- 5 mm, winged at apex, ± fragile and often easily releasing a seed, fibrous, ± ribbed at distal side.  About 16 spp., in forests or thickets, Pakistan, China, Japan.


Native to:

36 China
38 Eastern Asia
40 Indian Subcontinent


Chelonopsis Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2: 111 (1865).

Species found in RBG Kew living collections

1996-1582 Chelonopsis forrestii Anthony N SICH 1050 F 182 08 
2002-1230 Chelonopsis longipes  MAKI   166 06 
2003-1585 Chelonopsis moschata Miq.  KAPO  F 166 03


Image resource

© Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew