VII. Subfam. Nepetoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882).

VII. 3. Tribe Ocimeae Dumort. (1829).

VII. 3. D. Subtribe Ociminae (Dumort.) Schmidt in Martius (1858).

Subtribe Moschominae Endlicher (1838).


Shrubs or herbs, woody at base or sometimes geoxylic, aromatic; leaves simple; inflorescence thyrsoid with cymes sessile, 3-flowered with pedicels fused to the inflorescence axis and calyces sessile; bracts persistent, often coloured; calyx laterally compressed at base and often constricted above nutlets, dilating distally, curved, strongly 2-lipped, 5- or 4-lobed (1/4 or 1/3), lobes unequal, posterior rounded, sometimes hooded, not decurrent, curving upwards, anterior lip either with 4 small lanceolate teeth or two rounded lateral teeth and an inconspicuous median entire or emarginate tooth, lateral lobes nearer median than posterior lobe, throat sometimes annulate, closed by connivent anterior and posterior lips; corolla strongly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (4/1), green, white or pink, posterior lip ascending, 4-lobed with median lobes exceeding lateral lobes, anterior lip horizontal, concave, corolla-tube straight or slightly curved, parallel-sided, dilating towards throat; stamens 4, much exserted, posterior pair attached above midpoint of corolla-tube near throat, glabrous, inappendiculate, anterior pair attached at corolla throat; style capitate; stigma-lobes equal, rounded, spreading; disc 4-lobed with anterior lobe larger; nutlets ovoid, flattened, glabrous, mucilaginous or not. 2n = 54.  Four species in Mexico and Central America.


Native to:

79 Mexico
80 Central America
83 Western South America


Catoferia (sphalm.: Catopheria) (Benth.) Benth. in Bentham & Hooker, Gen. Pl. 2: 1173 (1876); Ramamoorthy, Kew Bull 41: 299-305 (1986), rev.

Orthosiphon sect. Catoferia Benth. (1848).

Species found in RBG Kew living collections

1983-661 Catoferia chiapensis A.Gray ex Benth.  DUFR  F JOD T5 
1977-3555 Catoferia chiapensis A.Gray ex Benth. N BREN 14451 F TH 7   :  TRO_N 1   :  TRO_N SEED


Image resource

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew