VII. Subfam. Nepetoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882).

VII. 3. Tribe Ocimeae Dumort. (1829).

VII. 3. E. Subtribe Plectranthinae Endlicher (1838).


Shrubs, ?aromatic; leaves simple; inflorescence thyrsoid with cymes pedunculate or shortly so, 3-flowered; bracts caducous, not coloured, inconspicuous; bracteoles absent or if present, minute; calyx funnel-shaped, straight, actinomorphic or weakly zygomorphic, 5-lobed (1/4), lobes equal in flower, deltoid, often becoming membranous, reticulately nerved and much expanded in fruit with the posterior lobe broader than others, throat open, glabrous, fruiting calyx shed as a unit; corolla strongly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (4/1), pale lilac to violet, posterior lip short, truncate, 4-lobed with median lobes ascending, lateral lobes held between median lobes and anterior lip, anterior lip deflexed or horizontal, slightly concave or flat, corolla-tube basally geniculate and saccate, parallel sided or dilating slightly distally, glabrous within; stamens 4, free, held just beyond throat, attached near throat; stigma-lobes subulate or flattened; disc 4-lobed with anterior lobe larger; nutlets ovoid pubescent with sessile glands. Three species in Madagascar, in dry woodland or amongst rocks.


Native to:

29 Western Indian Ocean


Capitanopsis S. Moore, J. Bot. 54: 249 (1916); Hedge in Hedge, Clement, Paton & Phillipson, Flore de Madagascar et des Comores 175: 253-260 (1998), rev.

Image resource

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew