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Photos: Bramley, G.; de Kok, R.

Photos: Bramley, G.

Photos: Bramley, G.

Photo: Bramley, G.

Subfamily

Genera Incertae Sedis

Description

Small trees or shrubs, rarely lianas; leaves simple, decussate or in whorls of three; inflorescence axillary, cymose, flowers white, blue, violet, mauve to purple; calyx tubular or shortly campanulate, 4- lobed, not accrescent in fruit; corolla 4- (rarely 5-) lobed, tubular to infundibular or hypocratiform, actinomorphic; stamens 4, rarely 5-7, epipetalous, exserted, anthers oblong or elliptic, dorsifixed, thecae parallel, opening by longitudinal slits or by terminal pores; style terminal, usually exserted; stigma peltate or capitate; ovary 4-locular (rarely 5-locular); fruit drupaceous, ± globose with fleshy exocarp, and hard endocarp separating into 4 stony pyrenes, each containing a single seed; seed exalbuminous.  2n = 16 or 18.  About 140 species, temperate, subtropical and tropical Asia and America, tropical Australia, and some Pacific islands.  Chang (1951) has proposed two sections based on stamen structure.  Sect. Callicarpa: anthers ovoid, dehiscing by longitudinal slits, and Sect. Verticirima H.-T. Chang: anthers oblong, dehiscing by apical pores.

Distribution

Native to:

29 Western Indian Ocean
36 China
38 Eastern Asia
40 Indian Subcontinent
41 Indo-China
42 Malesia
43 Papuasia
50 Australia
60 Southwestern Pacific
62 Northwestern Pacific
74 North-Central U.S.A.
77 South-Central U.S.A.
78 Southeastern U.S.A.
79 Mexico
80 Central America

Introduced to:

51 New Zealand
81 Caribbean

Synonyms

Tomex L., Sp. Pl.: 118 (1753).
Johnsonia Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4 (1754), nom. rej.
Burchardia Duhamel, Traité Arb. Arbust. 1: 111 (1755).
Illa Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 446 (1763).
Spondylococcos Mitch., Diss. Bot. Zool.: 40 (1769).
Porphyra Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 69 (1790).
Rodschiedia Dennst., Schlüssel Hortus Malab.: 31 (1818).
Geunsia Blume, Catalogus: 11 (1823).
Aganon Raf., Sylva Tellur.: 161 (1838).
Amictonis Raf., Sylva Tellur.: 161 (1838).
Sphondylococcum Schauer in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 11: 640 (1847).

Publication

Callicarpa L., Sp. Pl. 1: 111 (1753); Chang, Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 1, 3: 269-312 (1951) rev.; Munir, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6: 5-39 (1982), reg.rev.

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Species found in RBG Kew living collections

1977-2402 Callicarpa americana L.  STNS  F TEM_N 28   :  TH 30 BAY 47 :  TRO_N SEED 
1984-507 Callicarpa americana L. N TACO 6 F TH 11   :  TRO_N 1 
2003-3668 Callicarpa bodinieri 'Profusion'  WATR   ARB_N 05 06
1994-1707 Callicarpa bodinieri 'Profusion'  NOTC   122  
2003-2574 Callicarpa bodinieri 'Profusion'     DISP  
2007-709 Callicarpa bodinieri 'Profusion'  PERH   751 WB-2 
1950-6711 Callicarpa bodinieri H.Lev  BABG  F 416 04 
1973-73 Callicarpa bodinieri H.Lev. var. giraldii (Rehder) Rehder  STHO  F 751 HPG-C 
1988-3092 Callicarpa bodinieri H.Lev. var. giraldii (Rehder) Rehder  COBL   107 04 
1969-13845 Callicarpa bodinieri H.Lev. var. giraldii (Rehder) Rehder     121  
1992-237 Callicarpa bodinieri H.Lev. var. giraldii (Rehder) Rehder  SODN   143 02 
2008-1137 Callicarpa dichotoma (Lour.) K.Koch N UCHI 208  870 01 
2008-1138 Callicarpa dichotoma (Lour.) K.Koch N UCHI 208  870 01 
1989-8307 Callicarpa dichotoma (Lour.) K.Koch N KFBX 15  416 03 
1925-74109 Callicarpa dichotoma (Lour.) K.Koch  CHEN   416 04 
1992-386 Callicarpa dichotoma (Lour.) K.Koch N KFBX 110  131 02 
2007-310 Callicarpa dichotoma (Lour.) K.Koch N UCHI 208  870 01 
1973-21157 Callicarpa dichotoma (Lour.) K.Koch    F 416 02 
2000-901 Callicarpa dichotoma (Lour.) K.Koch f. albifructus T.Yamaz.  LONG  F 416 03 
2005-738 Callicarpa formosana  HILI   ARB_N F07 
1998-696 Callicarpa formosana N ETOT 3  134 06 
1998-1929 Callicarpa formosana N ETOT 3  484  
1997-169 Callicarpa japonica Thunb.  CEDR   442  
2008-1139 Callicarpa japonica Thunb. N SADO 39  870 01 
2008-1140 Callicarpa japonica Thunb. N SADO 39  870 01 
1969-4098 Callicarpa japonica Thunb.  NYRK  P 416 02 
1993-3092 Callicarpa japonica Thunb. N RUSJ 877 F 732 02 
2003-3813 Callicarpa japonica Thunb. N SADO 39  ARB_N SB04 08  :  ARB_N 01 27 01
1989-8308 Callicarpa japonica Thunb. N KFBX 110 F 416 01 
1987-8255 Callicarpa japonica Thunb. N RUSJ 877 F 416 02 
1934-12904 Callicarpa japonica Thunb.  PRBG  F 416 04 
2007-800 Callicarpa japonica Thunb. N SADO 39  870 01 
2008-410 Callicarpa japonica Thunb. var. luxurians Rehder N SADO 124  167 02 
2007-501 Callicarpa japonica Thunb. var. luxurians Rehder N SADO 124 F 416 04 
2003-3906 Callicarpa japonica Thunb. var. luxurians Rehder N SADO 124  ARB_N SB04 10  :  ARB_N 01 25 01
1982-6232 Callicarpa japonica Thunb. var. luxurians Rehder N BECX 208 F 416 01 
2007-2415 Callicarpa japonica Thunb. var. luxurians Rehder N SADO 124  481 01 
1992-729 Callicarpa japonica Thunb. var. luxurians Rehder N KFBX 44  416 04 
1969-11521 Callicarpa japonica var. angustata     126  
1992-387 Callicarpa japonica var. leucocarpa N KFBX 85  131 02 
1989-3945 Callicarpa mollis Siebold & Zucc. N MBMX 160 F 416 02 
1989-8392 Callicarpa mollis Siebold & Zucc. N MBMX 160  732 02 
1992-649 Callicarpa mollis Siebold & Zucc. N MBMX 160  333  
1989-2769 Callicarpa pedunculata N NRBG   TRO_N SEED 
2000-3255 Callicarpa rubella Lindl. N KGFE   PH 3   :  PH 4   :  TRO_N SEED 
2001-3196 Callicarpa subpubescens  RGHK   TEM_N 28   :  TEM_N POLY2 
1982-2749 Callicarpa tomentosa (L.) Murray  HERR  F TH 2   :  TH 4
 

Image resource

© Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew