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Photos: Bramley, G.

Photos: Bramley, G.

Subfamily

VI. Subfam. Lamioideae Harley (2003)

Subfam. Stachyoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882); Briq. in Engl. & Prantl (1895) et auct. mult., p.p., typ. incl.

Subfam. Prasioideae (Benth.) Thomé (1889)

Subfam. Pogostemonoideae P.D. Cantino, Harley & Wagstaff in Harley & Reynolds (1992).

Description

Perennial herbs or small shrubs, with branched and/or simple hairs; leaves toothed, petiolate; inflorescence thyrsoid or racemoid; bracteoles sometimes long and spinose (sect. Acanthoprasium); calyx mostly campanulate, often widely so, 5-10(-20)-lobed, lobes equal or variously unequal, mostly ± spiny; corolla strongly 2-lipped (1-2/3), purple to white, upper long hooded or almost flat, entire, 2-fid or dentate; stamens not or only shortly exserted from corolla, thecae ± distinct; stigma-lobes subequal or slightly unequal; nutlets rounded or subtruncate at apex, glabrous or with sessile glands at apex. 2n = 18, 20, 22, 28.  About 30 spp., Europe, North Africa, West and Central Asia, with one sp., B. africana (L.) Benth., in South Africa and Namibia, and B. nigra L. introduced to other temperate parts of the world.

Distribution

Native to:

10 Northern Europe
11 Middle Europe
12 Southwestern Europe
13 Southeastern Europe
14 Eastern Europe
20 Northern Africa
21 Macaronesia
24 Northeast Tropical Africa
27 Southern Africa
33 Caucasus
34 Western Asia
35 Arabian Peninsula

Introduced to:

50 Australia
51 New Zealand
85 Southern South America

Synonyms

Pseudodictamnus Fabr., Enum.: 56 (1759).
Beringeria Neck., Elem. Bot. 1: 312 (1790), opus utique oppr.
Acanthoprasium Spenn. in T.F.L.Nees von Esenbeck, Gen. Fl. Germ. 2: (1843).
Zapateria Pau, Not. Bot. Fl. Españ. 1: 17 (1887).

Publication

Ballota L., Sp. Pl. 2: 582 (1753); Patzak, Ann. Nat. Hist. Mus. Wien 62: 57-86 (1958), Ann. Nat. Hist. Mus. Wien 63: 33-81 (1959).

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Species found in RBG Kew living collections

2002-3210 Ballota acetabulosa 'All Hallows Green'  CHUH   412 03 
1995-2116 Ballota acetabulosa 'All Hallows Green'  CHUH   751 HPG-D   :  WAK_N SP 
1992-2170 Ballota acetabulosa (L.) Benth. N SCHL 3075 F 751 HPG-B   :  757    :  757    :  WAK_N SP 
1984-1712 Ballota acetabulosa (L.) Benth. N CHAT  F 154 0513 
1986-6228 Ballota acetabulosa (L.) Benth. N ARJJ  F 154 0519 
2000-1203 Ballota frutescens (L.) Woods  MNCH   157 18 
1972-4087 Ballota nigra L. subsp. sericea (Vandas) Patzak N HRLE  F 157 19   :  157 19 
1957-48301 Ballota pseudodictamnus (L.) Benth.  LIAA  F 135 02   :  155 02 
1969-33913 Ballota pseudodictamnus (L.) Benth.     751 HPG-A   :  757    :  WAK_N SP 
1957-48302 Ballota pseudodictamnus (L.) Benth.  LIAA  F 154 0514 
2000-3546 Ballota rupestris (Biv.) Vis.  BORD  F 157 14 

Image resource

© Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew