VI. Subfam. Lamioideae Harley (2003)

Subfam. Stachyoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882); Briq. in Engl. & Prantl (1895) et auct. mult., p.p., typ. incl.

Subfam. Prasioideae (Benth.) Thomé (1889)

Subfam. Pogostemonoideae P.D. Cantino, Harley & Wagstaff in Harley & Reynolds (1992).


Malodorous, perennial herbs with woody rootstock, lanate-tomentose or tomentose with simple hairs; leaves shortly petiolate, very broad, often scale-like at base of plant, often congested above; inflorescence thyrsoid with few-flowered cymes; bracteoles subulate, inconspicuous; calyx weakly zygomorphic, 5-lobed, straight, lobes subequal, lanceolate; corolla strongly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), large, purple, lanate, posterior lip long, hooded, emarginate, side-lobes of anterior lip emarginate, mid-lobe of anterior lip broadly obcordate-emarginate; stamens not or only shortly exserted from corolla, anthers ± hairy, thecae distinct; stigma-lobes equal; nutlets large, triquetrous, glabrous or pubescent at apex, truncate.  One to three spp, high alpine scree plants of C Asia, E Afghanistan, N Pakistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, W China (Xinjiang).


Native to:

32 Middle Asia
34 Western Asia
36 China
40 Indian Subcontinent


Erianthera Benth., Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 3: 880 (1833)., non Nees (1832)

Susilkumara Bennet, Indian Forester 107: 432 (1981).


Alajja Ikonn., Nov. Syst. Pl. Vasc. Leningrad 8: 274 (1971).


Image resource

© Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew