III. Subfam. Ajugoideae Kostel. (1834).
Subfam. Teucrioideae (Dumort.) Caruel (1884).
Trees, shrubs, and woody vines, frequently dioecious; leaves usually opposite (occasionally alternate or subverticillate), petiolate or sessile, simple, usually entire; cymes axillary, paniculiform to capitate (rarely reduced to solitary flowers), often merging to form a terminal thyrse; calyx actinomorphic, often coriaceous, accrescent, shallowly 4-5-lobed or truncate, sometimes torn irregularly into 2-4 deeper lobes by corolla elongation; corolla usually white to yellow or greenish (occasionally red to purple), actinomorphic, hypocrateriform or infundibular, 4-5-lobed; stamens 4-5 (usually as many as corolla-lobes), equal, usually exserted when fertile, included when sterile (i.e., in functionally pistillate flowers), filaments straight, thecae parallel, separate at dehiscence; pollen with supratectal spinules; ovary unlobed, stigma-lobes equal; disc poorly developed or absent; fruit drupaceous, oblate to globose, with one to four 1-seeded pyrenes; endosperm absent. One hundred and sixteen species, mostly neotropical.
78 Southeastern U.S.A.79 Mexico81 Caribbean80 Central America82 Northern South America83 Western South America84 Brazil85 Southern South America
Manabea Aubl., Hist. Pl. Guiane 1: 61 (1775).
Omphalococca Willd. ex Schult., Mant. 3: 10 (1827).
Amerina DC. ex Meisn., Pl. Vasc. Gen.: 278 (1840).
Brueckea Klotzsch & H.Karst. in H.Karsten, Auswahl Gew. Venez. 1: 31 (1848).
Pseudaegiphila Rusby, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 7: 339 (1927).
Aegiphila Jacq., Observ. Bot. 2: 3 (1767); Moldenke, Brittonia 1: 245-477 (1934).
© Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew