GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora


W.D. Clayton, M. Vorontsova, K.T. Harman & H. Williamson

© Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Hemarthria uncinata

HABIT Perennial. Culms prostrate; 20–80 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches sparse. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; 5–15 cm long; 1.5–5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.

INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence composed of racemes; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath.

Racemes 1; single; smoothly terete; 6–14 cm long. Rhachis fracturing into irregular segments; flattened; glabrous on margins. Rhachis internodes columnar; adherent to upper glume of sessile spikelet. Rhachis internode tip oblique; flat.

Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels fused to internode; united wholly; oblong; flattened; tip rectangular.

STERILE SPIKELETS Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; lanceolate; as long as fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet callus truncate. Companion sterile spikelet glumes herbaceous; acute; muticous, or awned; one glume awned. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2; enclosed by glumes.

FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 6–10 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus cuneate; glabrous; base truncate; attached obliquely.

GLUMES Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; herbaceous; 2-keeled; keeled laterally; winged on keel; winged narrowly. Lower glume intercarinal veins distinct. Lower glume surface flat. Lower glume apex acute to setaceously attenuate; muticous, or awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn straight, or hooked. Upper glume oblong; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute to setaceously attenuate (and sometimes hooked).

FLORETS Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; hyaline; obtuse. Fertile lemma oblong; hyaline; without keel; 0 -veined. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea absent or minute.

FLOWER Anthers 3.

FRUIT Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.

DISTRIBUTION Australasia: Australia.

NOTES Andropogoneae. Vickery 1993.

Please cite this publication as detailed in How to Cite Version: 3rd February 2016.