GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora


W.D. Clayton, M. Vorontsova, K.T. Harman & H. Williamson

© Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Dendrocalamus parishii

HABIT Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; woody. Culm-internodes terete. Lateral branches dendroid. Ligule an eciliate membrane.

INFLORESCENCE Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in globose clusters; 1.5–3 cm long; dense; with glumaceous subtending bracts; bracts 6–10 mm long; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters.

Fertile spikelets sessile.

FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 2–3 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 7–10 mm long; 5–7 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes suppressed between florets.

GLUMES Glumes one the lower absent or obscure, or two; 1–2 empty glumes; persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 4 mm long; coriaceous; without keels. Lower glume surface puberulous; hairy at apex. Lower glume margins ciliate. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 4 mm long; chartaceous; without keels. Upper glume surface puberulous; hairy at apex. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex acute.

FLORETS Fertile lemma ovate; 6 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 11–13 -veined. Lemma lateral veins with cross-veins. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex acute; mucronate. Palea chartaceous; 2-keeled but the uppermost without keels. Palea keels ciliolate. Palea surface pilose.

FLOWER Lodicules absent. Anthers 6; anther tip with extended connective. Filaments united in a tube. Stigmas 1. Ovary pubescent all over.

FRUIT Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; obovoid.

DISTRIBUTION Asia-temperate: China. Asia-tropical: India.

NOTES Bambuseae. Gamble 2002.

Please cite this publication as detailed in How to Cite Version: 3rd February 2016.