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GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
W.D. Clayton, M. Vorontsova, K.T. Harman & H. Williamson
© Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
HABIT Perennial. Culms scandent; 300 cm long; 2–5 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; solid. Lateral branches dendroid; infravaginal. Branch complement many. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or hispid. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5–1.5 mm long. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 1.5–4.5 cm long; 2–4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence a panicle.
Panicle open; oblong, or ovate; 1.5–3 cm long. Panicle axis scabrous; pubescent. Panicle branches scabrous; pubescent.
Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4.5–7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
GLUMES Glumes both absent or obscure.
FLORETS Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 2.5–4 mm long; chartaceous; acuminate. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; chartaceous. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 4–6 mm long; coriaceous; without keel.
FLOWER Lodicules 3. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
FRUIT Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
DISTRIBUTION South America: western South America.
NOTES Bambuseae. Gr Bolivia 1997.
Please cite this publication as detailed in How to Cite Version: 3rd February 2016.