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GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
W.D. Clayton, M. Vorontsova, K.T. Harman & H. Williamson
© Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
HABIT Perennial; caespitose. Culms 30–70 cm long. Culm-nodes pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 15–45 cm long; 3–6 mm wide.
INFLORESCENCE Synflorescence compound; linear. Inflorescence composed of racemes; terminal and axillary; subtended by a spatheole. Spatheole linear; 4.5 cm long.
Racemes 2–3; paired, or digitate; 4–5.5 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; villous on margins. Rhachis hairs 4 mm long. Rhachis internodes linear; 3.5 mm long. Rhachis internode tip transverse; cupuliform; with simple rim.
Spikelets ascending; in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels linear; 5 mm long; villous; with 4 mm long hairs.
STERILE SPIKELETS Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; lanceolate; 5–6 mm long; as long as fertile; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet glumes chartaceous; glabrous; acute; muticous. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas enclosed by glumes.
FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pilose; base obtuse; inserted.
GLUMES Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; 2-keeled; keeled laterally. Lower glume intercarinal veins absent. Lower glume surface concave. Upper glume linear; coriaceous; 1-keeled. Upper glume muticous.
FLORETS Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; hyaline. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 4.5–5 mm long; hyaline; without keel. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 12–15 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn glabrous.
FLOWER Anthers 3.
DISTRIBUTION South America: northern South America and western South America.
NOTES Andropogoneae. Gr Peru 1995.
Please cite this publication as detailed in How to Cite Version: 3rd February 2016.