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GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
W.D. Clayton, M. Vorontsova, K.T. Harman & H. Williamson
© Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
HABIT Annual. Culms erect; 60–250 cm long; with prop roots. Ligule an eciliate membrane.
INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence a panicle.
Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform.
FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 3–6 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus pubescent; base obtuse; attached transversely.
GLUMES Glumes reaching apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; coriaceous; without keels; 7–9 -veined. Lower glume surface without pits; pilose. Upper glume ovate; without keels. Upper glume surface pilose. Upper glume apex truncate.
FLORETS Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; hyaline; 2 -veined. Fertile lemma oblong; hyaline; without keel; wingless; 3 -veined. Lemma surface unwrinkled; without grooves. Lemma margins ciliolate. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; bigeniculate. Palea hyaline; without keels.
FLOWER Lodicules 2; ciliate.
DISTRIBUTION Africa, or Temperate Asia, or Tropical Asia.
Please cite this publication as detailed in How to Cite Version: 3rd February 2016.