GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora


W.D. Clayton, M. Vorontsova, K.T. Harman & H. Williamson

© Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


HABIT Perennial. Culms erect (1/1), or geniculately ascending (1/1); 6–14.5–35 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades filiform.

INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence a panicle.

Panicle open (1), or contracted.

Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.

FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (1), or elliptic (1); laterally compressed; 1.7–2.375–3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent (1), or pilose (1).

GLUMES Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume ovate; 0.9–0.95–1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface without pits. Lower glume apex obtuse (1), or acute (1). Upper glume ovate; 0.5–0.675–0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse (1), or acute (1).

FLORETS Fertile lemma ovate; cartilaginous; keeled; wingless; 3–4 -veined (1), or 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins without ribs (1), or ribbed (1). Lemma surface unwrinkled; without grooves. Lemma apex emarginate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; straight (1), or hooked (1). Palea 0.6–0.8–1 length of lemma.

FLOWER Anthers 3.

DISTRIBUTION Tropical Asia (1), or Australasia (1).

Please cite this publication as detailed in How to Cite Version: 3rd February 2016.