Manuscripts

JEH. Papers relating to John Elliot Howard

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Archives.

Date Range: 1836-1951.
Extent: 3 Series; 74 files
Howard, John Elliot (1807-1883).

Biographical History:
John Eliot Howard, quinologist, was born on 11 December 1807 at Plaistow, Essex, the youngest of three children of Luke Howard (1772-1864), meteorologist and chemist, and his wife, Mariabella, née Eliot (1769-1852). Both parents were members of the Society of Friends. With the exception of two years at Josiah Forster’s school, Howard was educated at home. Apprenticed to his father’s chemical business at Stratford in 1823, he was made a partner of the firm in 1828. In 1830 he married Maria (1807-1892), daughter of William D. Crewdson of Kendal. The couple moved into a substantial house in Tottenham, Middlesex, where they had five daughters and four sons.

As early as 1827 Howard showed interest in what would prove to be his life’s work: the extraction of the anti-malaria drug quinine from the bark of the Cinchona (cinchonaceae) genus of South American tree. His first paper, a report on the collection of cinchona in the British Museum made by the Spanish botanist José Pavón (1754-1840), was published in 1852. In the following year Howard joined the Pharmaceutical Society, and in 1857 the Linnean Society. In 1858 he purchased Pavón’s manuscript ‘Nueva Quinologia' and his specimens of cinchona. Howard employed a botanical artist and published the well-received Illustrations of the ‘Nueva Quinologia' of Pavon and Observations on the Barks Described in 1862. Howard’s second major work, The Quinology of the East Indian Plantations (1869-76), was the result of his examination of the bark of all the forms of cinchona introduced into India from the Andes by Clements Markham, Richard Spruce, and Robert Mackenzie Cross. For this Howard received the thanks of her majesty’s government in 1873. In 1874 his citation for election as a fellow of the Royal Society recognized the importance of his work: ‘the name of Mr Howard is inseparably connected with his lifelong investigation respecting the identification and chemistry of the cinchona' (Kirkwood and Lloyd, 1).

Howard took considerable interest in gardening, and especially in hybridization as bearing upon cultivated cinchonas, and he was the author of numerous scientific papers, chiefly on quinine. He also gave addresses on both science and revelation at the Victoria Institute, of which he was a vice-president. Howard and his wife were both deeply religious and had been raised as Quakers. In 1836 they resigned from the Society of Friends and became Baptists. Howard published several religious tracts and was instrumental in establishing the Brook Street Chapel, Tottenham. He died at his house, Lord’s Meade, Tottenham, on 22 November 1883, and was buried in Tottenham cemetery. The genus Howardia of the Cinchonaceae was posthumously dedicated to him.

Archival History:
In 1996, the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain (RPSGB) began sorting its archival holdings with the assistance of an archives consultant. Late in 1999, the museum staff found 6 box files of mostly manuscript material in an office cupboard that had not been viewed as part of this archive work. The files contain a significant amount of material, much manuscript, mostly relating to John Eliot Howard (1807-1883). Some items were added in 1884, after Howard's death, and some publications were added by the RPSGB up to 1951. None of the material was catalogued by the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain although a basic handlist was provided.

Immediate Source of Acquisition: On 18 April 2002, the Archive was deposited by Janet Foster, an archival consultant, in the Archive of Royal Botanical Gardens Kew, on behalf of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain. The accession number is PrP 02-0003. In September 2006 the material was fully catalogued for the first time. Kew Archive holds ownership and management of the collection.

Scope/Content:
The Collection comprises three series. The first series (JEH/1/1-JEH/1/48) contains handwritten correspondence and papers between 1836 and 1884. The second series (JEH/2/1-JEH/2/21) contains Press cuttings, Reports and other Publications from between 1856-1951. The third series (JEH/3/1-JEH/3/5) contains Illustrations, Photographs, Botanical bookplates and glass negatives from the 19th Century.

The bulk of material is correspondence to JE Howard regarding Cinchona, mainly in the form of scientific discussion and research, collection and donation of specimens, and scientific and commercial exploration. It dates from the early to late 19th century. The correspondence is international. It includes some documents relating to the Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain and its museum collections (For example, correspondence from Joseph Ince and Daniel Hanbury, and formal acknowledgements for specimens donated by Howard to the Society's Museum. See list for details.) There is also printed material, ranging from newspaper cuttings, journal and periodical articles to East India Company reports and printed records.

This archive includes correspondence with Charles Ledger, Clements Markham, G M McIvor, John Broughton and others, letters to John Elliot Howard from the Directors of Kew Gardens: Thistleton Dyer and Joseph Hooker.

This archive contains important information about the international network of botanists and commercial explorers in the field. It contains particularly strong information on the growing of cinchona in India.

Language:English, French, Dutch, Spanish.

Archivist's Note:
This material has been re-boxed, but original box grouping has been retained where possible. In particular, JEH/1/35-JEH/1/45 were originally filed alphabetically, this order has been preserved. N.B. JEH/1/35 (originally filed under ‘A') not only contains correspondents and subjects beginning with the letter ‘A', but also unsorted, loose material which was in the original box.

Catalogued by Walter Mansfield, September 2006. Based on ISAD(G) standards.

Series 1. JEH/1, Correspondence and Papers 1836-1884

JEH/1/1: Correspondence regarding International Congress of Botanists, 1877
This file contains 13 items including programmes, invitations and correspondence relating to the International Congress of Botanists, Amsterdam 25 April 1877, French, Dutch

JEH/1/2: Correspondence from Dr. Van Heurck, 1872
This file contains 7 letters to John Elliot Howard from Dr. Van Heurck, Musee Botanique, Anvers, May to July 1872, French

JEH/1/3: Correspondence 1869
This file contains 4 letters to John Elliot Howard 15 May to 25 July 1869

JEH/1/4: Correspondence 1882- 1883,
This file contains 4 letters to John Elliot Howard from Howards & Sons, David Howard (nephew), D. Morris and M.T Masters

JEH/1/5: Correspondence from Mr Priana 1871
This file contains 1 letter from Mr [Priana?] 22 March 1871

JEH/1/6: Correspondence from [Tuffen Chest] 1867
This file contains 1 letter from [Tuffen Chest[? 6 May 1867

JEH/1/7: Correspondence from P. Raumenhoff 1877
This file contains 1 letter from Mr P. Raumenhoff 18 May 1877, and 1 photograph portrait

JEH/1/8: Correspondence 1800s
This file contains 2 letters of thanks to John Elliot Howard, 1800s

JEH/1/9: Correspondence 1865-1869
This file contains 27 items of correspondence, including letters of thanks, some scientific discussions, and invitations to present papers, in French, German and English

JEH/1/10: Correspondence 1853-1882 regarding Specimen Donations
This file contains 49 items of correspondence including formal acknowledgements thanking John Elliot Howard for donation of specimens/works/illustrations to international academic institutions and museums. French, English

JEH/1/11: Correspondence from India Office 1862-1869
This file contains 15 letters to and from India office regarding planting of Cinchona in India, Includes letters from Richard Spruce and Herman [Merivale?]

JEH/1/12: Correspondence from Clement Markham 1862-1875
This file contains 13 letters to JHE from Clement Markham, regarding Cinchona bark.

JEH/1/13: Correspondence regarding Cinchona Analysis, 1877-1878
This file contains 6 letters to John Elliot Howard from David Howard (nephew), Louis Mallet et al. regarding analysis of Cinchona bark.

JEH/1/14: Correspondence and Notes regarding Cinchona Cultivation and Bark Analysis 1870-1883
This file contains 13 items of correspondence and notes from 1861-1883, including notes on the structure of Cinchona bark drawn for John Elliot Howard by Tuffen Next[?], 1861 and letters to JHE 1870-1883 from Louis Mallet, Enfield, Herman Merivale, Thistleton Dyer, regarding Cinchona cultivation and examination of Cinchona bark.

JEH/1/15: Correspondence from HA Weddell, 1860-1877
This file contains 83 letters from HA Weddell, a noted collector and expert on Cinchona (1819-1877), subjects include Cinchona, Paris exhibition, lichens, war with Prussia and family life. Most sent from Poitiers.

JEH/1/16: Correspondence from Robert Cross, mid 1800s
This file contains correspondence to John Elliot Howard from Robert Cross,
This file contains 29 letters from Robert Cross a gardener at RGB Kew and noted collector of Cinchona regarding collection of Cinchona. Many of the letters were sent from South America (Pitayo, Ecuador), many from RBG Kew. One letter, from John Elliot Howard to Robert Cross (5 September 1868).

JEH/1/17: Correspondence regarding South America Cinchona, 1836-1860
This file contains correspondence from 1836-1860, there are 17 letters regarding Cinchona in South America, sent from Guayaquil, (some are translations of earlier letters), and Amsterdam, from G.E Masters Brock, Dan Hanbury, and Bruce, in Spanish and English.

JEH/1/18: Correspondence, Cinchona Testing and Analysis, 1858-1873
This file contains 9 items of correspondence from 1858 to 1873, there are 6 letters to John Elliot Howard from Dr W. Bird Herapath Bristol based toxicological and Micro Chemistry labs, regarding cholorophylle Cinchona testing, including colour charts and 3 letters to John Elliot Howard from Pocklington, regarding Cinchona testing

JEH/1/19: Correspondence J Stephens and WB Herapath 1856-1860
This file contains 5 letters from 1856-1860. The letters to John Elliot Howard are from John Stephens (Bartholomew s Hospital) and Dr. W. Bird Herapath.

JEH/1/20: Correspondence, Notes on Cinchona and Quinine 1836-1869
This file contains correspondence from 1836-1869, 1 letter to John Elliot Howard from J.W Griffin following death of W.B Herapath, regarding Herapath's notes on Cinchona 1869, 1 copy of Herapath's notes on crystallised quinine from 1836.

JEH/1/21: Handwritten List regarding Cinchona Bark Analysis 1850s
This file contains a handwritten List from the 1850s, regarding Bolivian Cinchona bark analysis, dated 1846 - 1857, 9 pages.

JEH/1/22: Correspondence from Dr. de Vries, 1857-1871
This file contains correspondence, from 1857-1871, from Dr. de Vries, regarding Cinchona, English, Dutch, one letter in Latin, (some in very fragile condition) approx 50 letters in a rolled bundle.

JEH/1/23: Correspondence from Dr. de Vries, 1860s-1870s
This file contains correspondence from 1860s - 1870s, from Dr. de Vries regarding Cinchona bark, all in English (some are in a very fragile condition) approx 50 letters in a rolled bundle.

JEH/1/24: Manuscript, Diagram of Cinchona Distribution, 19th C
This file contains a manuscript, table and coloured diagram of Cinchona distribution on a volcanic island, on rolled paper, in Dutch, (torn), 19th Century.

JEH/1/25: Manuscript, East India Company Report 1852
This file contains a Manuscript report, from 1852, by the East India Company, on the introduction of Cinchona in India

JEH/1/26: Manuscript, East India Company Report 1853
This file contains a Manuscript report, from 1853, by the East India Company, comprising a general review of Cinchona distribution in South America

JEH/1/27: Manuscript, East India Company Report 1854
This file contains a Manuscript report, from 1854, by the East India Company, on the introduction of Cinchona in India

JEH/1/28: Correspondence from WB Herapath, 1856-1858
This file contains correspondence, from 1856-1858. 12 letters to John Elliot Howard from Mr. Bird Herapath, 1856-1858, regarding Cinchona bark analysis

JEH/1/29: Correspondence from WB Herapath, 1857-1858
This file contains correspondence from 1857-1858, 10 letters to John Elliot Howard from Mr. Bird Herapath, 1857-1858, regarding Cinchona bark analysis

JEH/1/30: Correspondence from WB Herapath, 1851-1857
This file contains correspondence from 1851-1857, 9 letters to John Elliot Howard from Mr. Bird Herapath, 1851-1857, regarding Cinchona bark analysis

JEH/1/31: Manuscript, ‘Howard's work on Cinchona' 1800s,
This file contains a Manuscript, no date, titled ‘Howard's Work on Cinchona', by D H Torassten?

JEH/1/32: Correspondence from [Brittan?] 1883
This file contains correspondence, 1883, 1 letter to John Elliot Howard from [Brittan?] Regarding a late paper

JEH/1/33: Correspondence regarding Cinchona bark analysis and photographs mid 19th C
This file contains 5 items of correspondence, from mid 19th Century, 1 letter to John Elliot Howard from M. Scott regarding photograph of Cinchona trees. A Hand written contents list, referring to photographs, correspondence, reports and articles on Cinchona, 3 letters 1867-1869 to John Elliot Howard from [Tuffen West?], regarding Cinchona bark analysis and drawings

JEH/1/34: Correspondence from Weddell, 1875
This file contains correspondence from 1875, 1 letter to John Elliot Howard from Weddell regarding paper by John Elliot Howard and Cinchona drawings

JEH/1/35: Correspondence 1877-1884
This file contains 20 items of correspondence, to John Elliot Howard from between 1877-1884. The contents of this file was originally filed under letter ‘A'. Letter to John Elliot Howard 1880, from F Le Lucdusch Regarding plant analysis and letter of introduction. Letter to JHE 1880, from Auntieol? Regarding copying paper for Colombo. Letter to John Elliot Howard 1882, from R. [Hathwisok?] Regarding Cinchona bark sample report. Letter to John Elliot Howard 1880, from Clement Markham, regarding Mr Ledgers operations and Java Cinchona plantations. Letter to John Elliot Howard 1879, from Clements Regarding Cinchona seeds, flowers and bark analysis. Letter to John Elliot Howard 1881, from D. Morris, regarding Cinchona bark in Jamaica. Letter to John Elliot Howard 1881, from F E Lucdusch Regarding paper. Letter to John Elliot Howard, 1881 from F E Lucdusch regarding Cinchona bark? Letter to John Elliot Howard 1881, from R.S. Atkinson in Ceylon regarding paper on red barks. Letter to John Elliot Howard 1882, from R.S. Atkinson in Ceylon regarding bark sample analysis. Letter to John Elliot Howard 1882, from R.S. Atkinson in Ceylon regarding bark samples and destruction of Cinchona tree by railway expansion. Letter to John Elliot Howard 1891, from Bruce, regarding Cinchona bark in Ecuador. Letter to John Elliot Howard 1882, from R.J. [Attihill?] Regarding Cinchona cultivation in Jamaica. Letter to John Elliot Howard 1880, from Clement Markham regarding account of Cinchona cultivation into India. Handwritten notes 1880 by John Elliot Howard addressed to the Editor of the Phaison Handels Black? Regarding the history of Cinchona bark discovery and cultivation. Letter to John Elliot Howard 1883, from J.C.B. [Maens?] Regarding Cinchona cultivation in Asia. Letter to John Elliot Howard 1883, from [Amaens?] Regarding Cinchona species. Envelope to John Elliot Howard from East India Company regarding Cinchona plantations includes sample of Cinchona leaf. Handwritten list 1877, compiled by Dr Phoebus of John Elliot Howard works on Quinology. Handwritten note regarding Cinchona plantations 1884.

JEH/1/36: Correspondence: 1858-1883
This file contains 22 items of correspondence to John Elliot Howard from various correspondentsThe contents of this file was originally filed under the letter ‘B'. There are approximately 22 letters in total from Robert Cross, Mowbray C Butler, Bruce, Buchanan, David Brodie and a packet of letters from John Broughton

JEH/1/37: Correspondence: 1879-1883
This file contains 44 items of correspondence to John Elliot Howard from various correspondents. The contents of this file was originally filed under the letter ‘C'. Letter to John Elliot Howard from Cambell, 1879 regarding plant cuttings. Letter to John Elliot Howard from Robert Cross, 1883 regarding bark collection, analysis and problems with cultivation. Note to John Elliot Howard from Robert Cross, regarding Luccirubia specimens. Letter to John Elliot Howard from Robert Cross, 1879 regarding bark analysis, quinine production and plant purchase. Letter to John Elliot Howard from [C?] 1879 regarding cultivation of Cinchona in India and quinine content of bark. Letter to John Elliot Howard from James C. regarding introduction of W. Campbell. Letter to John Elliot Howard from Robert Cross, 1883 regarding trip to South America to obtain new varieties of Cinchona. Letter to John Elliot Howard from Robert Cross, 1879 regarding missing bark sample and Cinchona varieties. Letter to John Elliot Howard from Robert Cross, 1882 regarding Cinchona varieties ‘Pata'. Letter to John Elliot Howard from Robert Cross, regarding thanks of Madras government and Cinchona bark samples and characteristics. Letter to John Elliot Howard from Robert Cross, 1880 regarding meeting with Sir Hooker about critical state of Cinchona plantation. Letter to John Elliot Howard from Robert Cross, 1881 regarding Cinchona sample collection. Letter to John Elliot Howard from Robert Cross, 1881 regarding bark samples for analysis (poor condition). Letter to John Elliot Howard from Robert Cross, 1882 regarding bark samples and Cinchona species. Manuscript table showing chemical analysis of Cinchona hybrids. Samples of Chinchona leaves from Robert Cross 2 leaves with labels. Letter to John Elliot Howard from Charles Collisson, 1880 regarding the best species of Cinchona to grow in Ceylon. Letter to John Elliot Howard from Cambell, bark samples analysis. A further 26 letters to John Elliot Howard the majority from Robert Cross.

JEH/1/38: Correspondence: 1879-1883
This file contains various correspondence to John Elliot Howard from between 1879-1883. The contents of this file was originally filed under the letter ‘D'. Approximately 35 letters to John Elliot Howard, the majority of which are from: Robert Cross, Thistleton Dyer and David Howard (in separate packet). The file also contains a list of barks for Dorphus University.

JEH/1/39: Correspondence: 1879-1881
This file contains various correspondence to John Elliot Howard from between 1879-1881. The contents of this file was originally filed under the letter ‘F'. 1 printed article and 14 letters to John Elliot Howard, the majority of which are from: Professor Flintriger, Basil Faushauz, Mr Forbes Laurie and M. Ferguson

JEH/1/40: Correspondence and Writings: 1856-1882
This file contains various correspondence to John Elliot Howard from between 1856-1882. The file also contains handwritten notes and printed articles written by John Elliot Howard. The contents of this file was originally filed under the letter ‘H' 21 letters to John Elliot Howard, from Holmes, Hardy, John Hodgkins (nephew), and Joseph Hooker. The letters from Joseph Hooker include official acknowledgements for John Elliot Howard's contribution of valuable Cinchona specimens.
This file also contains handwritten notes and printed articles written by John Elliot Howard, in English Dutch and German.

JEH/1/41: Correspondence with H. Karsten and Printed Articles: 1879-1882
This file contains various correspondence between John Elliot Howard and H Karsten, from 1879-1882. The file also contains printed articles from German Pharmaceutical journals. The contents of this file was originally filed under the letter K'. Also includes correspondence consisting of 7 letters to John Elliot Howard from H. Karsten, and 2 articles written by John Elliot Howard and H. Karsten. In English and German.

JEH/1/42: Correspondence: Letters to John Elliot Howard from Colles Leger: 1877- 1883
This file contains 29 letters to John Elliot Howard from C. Leger, from 1877-1883. The contents of this file was originally filed under the letter ‘L'

JEH/1/43: Correspondence: 1880- 1883
This file contains 15 letters to John Elliot Howard from W. Forbes Laurie, M Liddell, F.C Lehmann, and Lesden.between 1880-1883. The contents of this file was originally filed under the letter ‘L'.

JEH/1/44: Correspondence: 1879- 1883
This file contains 13 letters to John Elliot Howard from Howard from D Morris, Clement Markham, W Moxon, McIvor, J.V.H. Owen and T.H. Philips. The file also contains a printed article regarding John Elliot Howard's exhibition of Cinchona bark at the Paris Exhibition of 1867. The contents of this file was originally filed under the letters ‘M', ‘O' and ‘P'.

JEH/1/45: Correspondence: 1879- 1883
This file contains 20 letters to John Elliot Howard from Edward Schaer, W.R. Sheldon, Sowerby, Henry Trimen, Robert Thomson, Viner, Walker and George Wallace,. The contents of this file was originally filed under the letters ‘S',‘T', ‘V', and ‘W'.

JEH/1/46: Correspondence: Various 1862 and 1864
This file contains a letter to John Elliot Howard from De Vries dated 1862, and a letter to John Elliot Howard addressed ‘My Beloved Brother', dated 1874.
This file also contains a Receipt for Ague' sold by Howards and Sons.

JEH/1/47: Notes on Government Cinchona Estates mid - late 1880s
This file contains a note book which contains handwritten notes on government Cinchona estates in India. The back of the note book contains notes on parasitical plants, and diary entries. Enclosed within the notebook are 2 newspaper cuttings regarding John Elliot Howard's work on Cinchona. Stuck to the front page of the notebook is a note dated 1949 ‘I found this amongst my fathers old papers. I am sure you will find it of interest' Clegham? There is also a loose note dated 1958, which reads: ‘W Bernard says that this relates to John Elliot Howard's work on analysis of samples for the Indian Government. It should be included with his other notebooks'. The notebook is in poor condition.

JEH/1/48: Notes on Chinchona Bark by David Howard, late 19th C, correspondence and list 1871-1876
This file contains one letter to John Elliot Howard from De Vry, the Hague 1871, and 2 copies of notes on Cinchona bark by David Howard and a Dutch Manufacturer's list of drug preparations, 1876.

Series 2. JEH/2, Press cuttings, Reports and other Publications 1856-1951

JEH/2/1 Booklet by Howards and Sons, 1883
This file contains a booklet by Howards and Sons, chemical supplier, Stratford, Essex, 1883

JEH/2/2 Printed Materials 1879-1883 C
This file contains printed materials comprising four newspaper articles on Cinchona, 1879, 1880 and 1883, in India and Columbia (Spanish), also an article written by John Elliot Howard in the Pharmaceutical Journal, 13 March 1880 (poor condition)

JEH/2/3 Printed Correspondence from India Office 1860-1875
This file contains correspondence, from the India Office. There are 7 letters regarding the Cinchona plantations and specimens tested at Kew

JEH/2/4 Report, India Office 1873
This file contains a Report, from the India Office, regarding the Cinchona plantations 16 December 1873, the file contains 3 versions of same document

JEH/2/5 Reports, Madras Government, 1868-1875
This file contains 7 Reports by the Madras Government, regarding Cinchona plantations (poor condition).

JEH/2/6 Correspondence and Reports, between John Elliot Howard and W.G. McIvor, 1863-1865
This file contains correspondence, between John Elliot Howard and W.G McIvor, superintendent of government Cinchona plantations. This consists of 13 reports regarding Cinchona plantations and analysis of Cinchona bark and leaves (poor condition)

JEH/2/7 Report, from J. Broughton, 1871
This file contains a Report from J. Broughton, government quinologist to government revenue department, Fort St. George, 31 July 1871. (poor condition)

JEH/2/8 Report, from Clements Markham, 1866
This file contains a Report on Cinchona cultivation in India, by Clements Markham to Government revenue department, Fort Saint George, 16 January 1866.

JEH/2/9 Newspaper Cuttings 1880-1882
This file contains 2 Newspaper cuttings from 1880 and 1882 from the Ceylon Observer, regarding Cinchona plantations in India

JEH/2/10 Newspaper Cuttings, Ceylon Observer, 1882
This file contains 2 Newspaper cuttings from 1882, regarding Cinchona cultivation, from the Ceylon Observer.

JEH/2/11, Report from Captain Nassau Lees, 1864
This file contains a Report, 1864, from W. Captain Nassau Lees to the Punjab government, regarding a Cinchona planting experiment in the Kangra valley, includes letters from John McKay (head gardener of the Cinchona plantation).

JEH/2/12, Printed Materials and 1 handwritten letter, 1870-1873
This file contains 15 items including various Printed materials and 1 handwritten letter. In this file are also 2 articles from a Pharmaceutical journal regarding analysis of Cinchona bark grown in India and Jamaica, by Dr. J.E. De Vrij, 1 letter from De Vrij 1793, 5 journal articles in Dutch, 1 article on Cinchona bark sale in Amsterdam, 1 page regarding pharmalogical studies on quinine, 5 German newspaper sheets containing articles on Cinchona, 1872-1873, English, Dutch, German.

JEH/2/13, Publication, ‘Malaria in War and Peace', 1945
This file contains a Publication: ‘‘Malaria in War and Peace', by Eusebio Y. Garcia, Grace Trading Company, Philippines, presented to Sir Philip Manson Baker by the author, 1945.

JEH/2/14, Publication, ‘Enquiry into the Quinine Requirements of Malarial Countries', 1932
This file contains a Publication: ‘Enquiry into the Quinine Requirements of Malarial Countries and the World Prevalence of Malaria', Geneva, League of Nations Health Organisation, 1932.

JEH/2/15, Publication, ‘Symposium on Indian Medicinal Plants', 1951
This file contains a Publication: ‘Immunity Bulletin, Symposium on Indian Medicinal Plants', Bengal Immunity Research Institute, Calcutta, 1951

JEH/2/16, Publication, ‘Memoir on Camphor of Sumatra and Borneo', 1856
This file contains a Publication: ‘Memoir on Camphor of Sumatra and Borneo' by W.H. De Vriese, Leide, 25 pages (poor condition) French.

JEH/2/17, Publications, Journal Articles by JEH and Newspaper Cuttings, 1860-1878
This file contains 17 Publications written by John Elliot Howard. The file also contains reviews of John Elliot Howard's publications, and articles regarding John Elliot Howard's work.
This file also contains 7 articles by John Elliot Howard: ‘Microscopical researchers on the alkaloids, as existing in Cinchona bark', reprinted from the Pharmaceutical Journal, May 1865. Article by John Elliot Howard ‘On Coppicing Cinchonas', from the Gardeners Chronicle, 1874. 1860 Journal - Flora no. 38 in German. Article on the Paris Exhibition of 1867 from our special correspondent (John Elliot Howard?), 1867. Article by John Elliot Howard ‘Report on Cinchona Bark Grown in Jamaica', reprinted from the Pharmaceutical Journal, August 1872. Article by John Elliot Howard ‘The Cinchona Plantations in Java', reprinted from the Pharmaceutical Journal, July 1873. Newspaper cutting The Chemist and Druggist, review of John Elliot Howard publication ‘Quinology of the East Indies', March 1877. Newspaper cuttings The Neilgherry Courier December 1876, January 1877, 8 issues of ‘Zeitschrift' January to April, 1878.

JEH/2/18, Publications, The Gardeners Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 1869-1880 and Newspaper cuttings, 1879-1883
This file contains 6 issues of The Gardeners Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, from between 1869-1880, and 5 Newspaper cuttings from between 1879-1883, from various publications regarding Cinchona including Zur Cinchona Forschung, 1879, The Madras Mail 1879, The Ceylon Observer 1883, Pharmaceutisches Handelsblatt, 1879, in Dutch, German and English.

JEH/2/19: Printed Articles: 1880
This file contains two printed articles dated 1880. The contents of this file was originally filed under the letter ‘I'. One article is in Dutch, the other in German.

JEH/2/20: Notes on the Culture of Cinchonas, 1859
This file contains a book: ‘ Notes on the Culture of Cinchonas', Which was printed to assist the authorities in India, in selecting sites for Cinchons plantations. This book contains notes, reports papers and articles, written by John Elliot Howard, Clements R. Markham, H. Karsten, Eduard Poeppig, H. Wydler, Richard Spruce and Dr. Junghuhn. Enclosed in the front of the book is a letter to the Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain, from Dr Hagen dated 1884. This letter is in poor condition and has been placed in a separate packet.

JEH/2/21: Publications on Cinchona by David Howard 1876-1886 and article by Dr A. Vogl, 1876
This File contains 20 publications on Cinchona by David Howard. These are comprised of Journal articles, newspaper cuttings, in German, French, English and Dutch.
This file also contains an article by Dr A. Vogl, 1876 and a list of “Manuscripts, pamphlets, reprints etc from the library of David Howard (Jan. 1936)”

Series 3. JEH/3. Illustrations, Photographs, Botanical bookplates and glass negatives, 19th C

JEH/3/1: Illustrations of camphota colebr, 19th C

This file contains 2 Illustrations, lithograph on paper, with the subject camphora colebr by A.J Wendel, French origin. They are held in the original envelope

JEH/3/2: Botanical Plate Photograph, 19th C

This file contains a botanical plate photograph

JEH/3/3: Drawing of Sir Joseph Hooker, 1877
This file contains a drawing of Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker, from ‘Nature, October 1877', engraved by C H Jeens from a photograph, Macmillan, London.

JEH/3/4: Illustrations of Cinchona, 19th C
This file contains one illustration of Cinchona plants by W. Fitch del, a partly coloured pencil drawing, and one small coloured drawing of Cinchona bark

JEH/3/5: Photographs of Chinchona bark, 19th C
This file contains 10 black and white photographs of Cinchona bark mounted on five card boards

Other Material held at Kew.The Economic Botany section holds seeds of Cinchona which belonged to Howard.

Material held elsewhere:

Material relating to the Howard family, more specifically the company Howard and Sons, was identified by the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain (ref. IRA 1997.131). As this material did was not connected to them it was decided to transfer it to another archive repository. This collection, comprised of business records such as share registers, correspondence and meeting minutes, was transferred to London Metropolitan Archive (LMA) in 1996. The LMA also has other papers relating to the Howard family and business.

The National Portrait Gallery has on display a framed photograph (NPG P784) of John Howard sitting with his father, Luke Howard (1772-1864, a meteorologist).